Windsurfing Basics

Windsurfing is quite a popular sport especially in the summer. It can give you a different kind of thrill which you may not experience in other sports. And contrary to what many people may think, it is not very difficult to learn it as long as you know the basics:

Getting started

As soon as you are ready with your gears, check the wind direction first before starting to sail. If you are a beginner, don’t ever sail with an off-shore wind because what you may think of as a gentle wind while on the shore will be twice when you are in the open sea or lake. If the wind is cross-shore, on-shore or somewhere in between, it is safer to attach the board and sail together. For beginners, the ideal wind strength is between forces 2 and 3 on the Beaufort scale. Additionally, check out the tides before setting off.


Your position while on the board is vital for speed and stability. Hold your head up while looking to the direction you are going. Your arms should be slightly bent shoulder width apart and parallel to the boom. Keep a straight back with bottom tucked in. Your legs should be shoulder width apart as you keep your front leg straight while the back leg slightly bent for control.


In windsurfing, being able to balance the forces is important and this is done by steering. When steering, it is important to take into consideration the center of lateral resistance (CLR) which is the imaginary vertical line from the daggerboard going straight up. When the force of the rig is balanced over CLR, you can expect to travel in a straight line. When you move the rig backwards, it means turning the front upwind. However, when you lean the rig forward, you will be turning the board into a different direction away from the wind.


Running is when you sail with the wind coming from behind you while the sail is positioned at a right angle to the board. This technique is very unstable and requires you to have a good sense of balance. The daggerboard can help you achieve stability but be cautious of the increasing wind as it can tip up your board. When that happens, you should retract your daggerboard.


Tacking means that you have to sail as close to the wind a possible and then make a sudden turn and go to the opposite direction while still staying close to the wind. To turn the front of your board through the wind and into the no-go zone, return first to the secure position while leaning the rig to the back of the board. Doing so will let you turn your board directly to the wind. Once you are through the wind, shuffle the mastfoot as you keep your feet closer to the center line. After doing that maneuver, you will now be positioned on the other side of the board. You could then transfer your hands to the boom and start sailing off. As you master this technique, you will be able to do tacking while keeping the board moving instead of going back to secure position.


Gybing is a technique involving changing course while sailing downwind. This can be done by leaning the rig forward into the front of the board while keeping the sail filled and steering your board in the opposite direction of the wind.

Practice is very important in order to master some of the most basic techniques in windsurfing. With regular practice, these techniques will become second nature. As a beginner, you can greatly learn by observing and talking with other windsurfers.

The Sport of Kitesurfing

Come summer time and many people get to enjoy a wide range of water sports and activities. One particular sport that you may want to try is kitesurfing. This kind of watersport harnesses wind power through a large kite to propel you across the water while riding a small kiteboard or surfboard. It is a unique kind of sport that can give you a different kind of adventure.


Kitesurfing is a considerably new sport that is influenced by a wide range of other sports, particularly powerkiting, wakeboarding, surfing, windsurfing, snowboarding and paragliding. If you have tried any of these sports, kitesurfing may be a lot easier for you to try. However, even if you are just a beginner in any of these sports, you may still find kitesurfing an easy sport to learn.

Although the name of this sport includes surfing, in reality, it does not need waves as long as there is wind. In fact, most kite surfers especially beginners prefer flat water locations for freestyle riding because the ride is smooth and they allow for easy take-off and landing. But you may also try a wide range of other conditions such as surfing in big waves if you like more adventure.

Kites Used

To produce the right amount of pull from the wind, a kite with inflatable tubes is needed for this sport. The inflatable parts keep the kite in shape while allowing it to float and re-launch from the water. Kites come in various sizes depending on the size of the rider and the strength of the wind. It is anything between 2 and 14 square meters.

Since 2006, there have been numerous changes in the kites used for kitesurfing. Prior to 2006, there was only the C-kite which got its name from its curved “C” shape. After that, bow style and SLE (supported leading edge) kites started to be introduced in the market. Bow kites are noted for their flatter shape that is similar to an archer’s bow. The SLE kite, on the other hand, is unique for its bridle lines which are attached to its inflatable leading edge to support its shape. Both types of kites have swept back wingtips which give the kite a strong depower, allowing for easier re-launching from the water. This kind of feature also provides a great improvement in the ease of use and safety of the kite.

Since the introduction of the bow and SLE kites, there have been many improvements added to the original C-kite design. There are now hybrid kites in the market that incorporate some of the best features of these two types of kites.

Boards Used

There is also a wide range of boards used for kitesurfing but they are all predominantly symmetrical or have twin tips. However, some riders also use directional boards when riding with waves. Boards with larger surface areas require less power to get them up to the water and to keep them afloat even with light wind to power the kite. These kinds of boards are commonly used by beginners because of their ease of use and safety factor. More advanced riders, on the other hand, usually choose smaller boards. Although tiny boards used to be popular, they are no longer used because of the styles and tricks that are possible with the newer kites as well as their large depower capability. Generally, boards used are between 125 and 150 centimeters in length and between 38 and 45 centimeters in width.


Kitesurfing is generally a safe sport as long as you observe certain safety precautions. Most basic of which is to avoid kite surfing in crowded areas or near any obstructions such as rocks or boats. To be safe, keep a minimum distance of at least 100 meters from any type of obstruction.

Kitesurfing is an exciting sport that is worth trying. However, before you do, be sure to learn more about this sport for a better and safer experience.

What Should You Feed Your Dog?

I love frequenting forums dedicated to pet owners especially dogs. My main goal is to find out what pet owners recommend for food, grooming and general maintenance for their dogs. I also give advice where I have the right information. Of late, many pet owners frequenting these forums have been concerned about what they should feed their dogs. A common question they have is whether dogs can eat some human food and the specific hypoallergenic food they can feed their pets.

Well, I did have the same questions but seeing that the forums didn’t have any comprehensive answers, I did some research. I’ll discuss two points in particular. The first is on dogs eating bananas and the second covers hypoallergenic foods.

Can dogs eat bananas?

This is one question many dog owners ask. The answer is yes. But sparingly. Bananas are one of the fruits that are loaded with tons of nutrients. Not only are they good for humans, they are also great for dogs. If you have a highly energetic pet, bananas will provide loads of carbs for his energy needs. Other beneficial nutrients bananas will provide include potassium, vitamins and minerals.

If you wish to feed your dog with bananas, don’t give it whole. Cut the banana into small pieces and mix it with another meal such as dog food. One thing to remember though is that a dog’s digestive system is not as complex as that of humans. They aren’t designed for digesting chunks of fruit and, feeding your dog too many bananas might result in diarrhea or even potassium overload. So feed your pet bananas in small servings.

Hypoallergenic dog food

Like humans, dogs are prone to allergies. Allergic attacks are triggered by different factors including food. An allergy is simply described as the body’s way of trying to get rid of anything it feels might harm it. Whatever the body is trying to get rid of doesn’t necessarily have to be harmful.

Studies show that there are a number of foods that are likely to trigger allergies in dogs. These include beef, corn, wheat, lamb and other foods commonly fed to canines. However, this doesn’t mean that every dog will be allergic to these foods. Each dog is unique and if a specific type of food triggers an allergy in one dog, it doesn’t mean that it will trigger the same allergy in another. Some of the common symptoms associated with dog allergies include itching, gastrointestinal distress, depression or hyperactivity and, excessively oily skin.

Today, there is a wide variety of hypoallergenic food for dogs. Many pet owners favor this food but blindly. Before buying any form of hypoallergenic food, its best to know which types of food trigger allergies in the pet in the first place. For instance, your dog might be allergic to beef or corn. Before buying any hypoallergenic food, it’s advisable to first study your pet. If you can identify a specific food that triggers an allergic attack, you can eliminate it from your pet’s diet. This way, you might not need to buy hypoallergenic pet food.

Insight into the Two Types of Bunions

I first came across bunions about a year ago when I had to visit to my podiatrist after spraining my head. As with most medical practitioner’s offices, he had charts detailing different foot conditions. One chart was detailing bunions which were a new condition to me then. I had come across people with bunions before but, thought they were common foot conditions. The charts were eye openers and, I decided to learn more about the condition. Here’s what I found.

Types of bunions

There are two main types of bunions. The bunion affects the big toe such that it points towards the other toes. The second type is the bunionette also known as the tailors bunion. This affects the little toe. Similarly, its main symptom is the small toe pointing towards the others.

What causes bunions?

Medical practitioners have proposed different causes of bunions. The most agreed upon proposition is that they are formed as a result of wearing ill fitting shoes. Such shoes have a tight toe box and have high heels. This is especially agreed upon in the case of big toe bunions.

Another proposition is that bunions are caused by hereditary foot conditions. This theory proposes that people coming from families with a history of bunions are more likely to develop them. However, this doesn’t mean that everyone with such a family history will develop them. Some of the hereditary foot conditions include flat foot.

Another cause for bunions is arthritis. Arthritis affects bone joints causing inflammation and tenderness in the ligaments. This increases chances of developing bunions if the patient wears tight fitting shoes. The different types of arthritis include gout, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Interestingly, bunions can also lead to arthritis in the affected toes.

Bunions can also be caused by conditions affecting the neuromuscular system such as cerebral palsy and conditions affecting bone ligaments such as Marfans Syndrome.

Although the above named conditions can cause bunions, likelihood that these conditions will lead to bunions is increased by wearing ill fitting shoes.

How are bunions prevented?

The main preventive measure for bunions is wearing proper fitting shoes. Studies on this condition show that people that wear tight fitting shoes are the most vulnerable.

How are bunions treated?

Bunions can be painful due to the inflammation of the toe-metatarsal joint. Pain relief remedies are usually administered to reduce inflammation. Such remedies include pain killers and application of ice packs.

Bunion pads are placed on the bunion before wearing shoes. These protect the bunion from being further aggravated by rubbing against the shoe walls. The pads are made from either fleece or gel.

Other bunion treatment devices are orthotics. These are placed within the shoe. Their main purpose is to balance out the body’s weight on the foot. This way, pressure isn’t directed towards the front of the shoe and toes.

Wearing shoes with low heels and wide toe box is also considered a good treatment method. This prevents worsening of the bunion allowing the affected joint and ligaments to heal.

If all treatment methods fail, surgery is considered the last resort. Some of the factors determining whether surgery is necessary to correct a bunion include age, severity of the bunion and, general health.

Kidney Stone Symptoms and Easy Home Remedies

Kidney stones are a condition that affects millions of Americans annually. Majority of the patients usually don’t even know they have kidney stones. It’s only those who have large stones within their kidney and urinary tract that actually experience symptoms which at times can be extremely painful.

I came across kidney stones while researching on some of the conditions that can cause lower left back pain. Being one of the causes, I decided to delve in deeper and find the causes of kidney stones, what do kidney stones feel like and any home remedies available. Here is a short guide into the symptoms and home remedies available.


As I mentioned earlier, kidney stone symptoms are usually felt when the stone grows large enough. A common symptom is a sharp pain in your lower back area. The pain then spreads to the abdominal and groin area. This pain comes as a result of a kidney stone trapped within the kidney, urerta, or bladder and is pushing against the organs walls. This pain usually comes in waves and is usually experienced when the kidneys are trying to pass urine to the bladder via the urerta.

Another common symptom of kidney stones passing of colored urine. The urine is usually brown, reddish or pinkish. Passing of colored urine is an indication that there might be bleeding within the urinary tract. This occurs as the kidney stone tries to pass through the urerta or bladder scratching it.

The urine might also turn cloudy and have a foul smell. This is an indication that there is an infection within the urinary tract. If the stone does scratch the walls of the urerta and bladder the open wounds will probably secrete pus which results in the foul smelling and cloudy urine.

If the infection goes unchecked, the patient might experience fever and chills. This can also be accompanied by fever and vomiting. Medical consultation and treatment will be needed in such instances.

Another symptom linked to kidney stones is a persistent urge to urinate and frequent urination. This occurs if the kidney stone has blocked the urinary tract and the body is trying to remove it.

Home remedies for kidney stones

Treating kidney stones at home usually revolves around your diet. The first step in kidney stone treatment is making sure that your body is adequately hydrated. Kidney stones develop where there is high concentration of minerals and waste in the urine. Hydration ensures that urine contains enough water to dissolve the stone.

A change in diet is also recommended if you are treating kidney stones. Foods rich in minerals, fats and protein are to be avoided. Common minerals to avoid include sodium, calcium and oxalate.

There are also foods believed to help prevent the development of kidney stones as well as eliminate the stones from urine. These mostly work by neutralizing the minerals suspected to form stones, induce urine removal and also work as tonics for the kidneys. Examples of such foods include kidney beans, celery, water melon, lemon juice and basil.

Taking Care of Lionhead Bunnies

A growing number of pet lovers are turning to bunnies as their preferred choice. I’m actually considering giving one to my niece as a gift for her upcoming birthday. In particular, she has asked for a lionhead bunny and from what I now, this creature makes a great pet. However, I wouldn’t like my sister complaining about a rogue pet. We once owned a cat that was too much to handle when we were young. I therefore took the liberty of looking into how to take care of lionhead bunnies. The following guide outlines the basics of taking care of a lionhead bunny.


One of the most important to remember bunny facts is that it will be dependent on you for at least 7 to 9 years. This makes it necessary to bond at the early stages of your relationship. Bunnies are usually well mannered but can go rogue if they don’t know what you expect of them. Bonding at the initial stages ensures that the lionhead knows that besides being its friend, you’re its protector and provider. In return, you’ll get tons of love and obedience.

Some of the things I did to bond with Charlie were to get him out in the yard and keep a watchful eye as he played around. Regular feeding and cuddling also did the trick. I also provided a litter box for him at his favorite spot in the apartment. This way, I need not fear finding poop all over the carpet when I get home from work.


Lionheads are strictly herbivores. Hay and grass are their favorites. You can also include fruits and leafy vegetables in their diet. Although processed rabbit food can provide the vitamins and minerals needed, it’s advisable not to feed them on these strictly. They will always need some fresh organic food to supplement their diet. Besides, their digestive systems are designed to deal with fresh food. Avoid diets that are rich in protein and fats. Such diets can lead to obesity in the bunny.

Clean water makes and essential part of a lionhead bunny’s diet. Bunnies are easily dehydrated and need a constant supply of water.

Dental care

The bunny’s teeth are constantly growing. In the wild, overgrown teeth are unheard of. However, in pet bunnies, its easy to find a lionhead with overgrown enamel spurs. The reason for this is that the bunny isn’t nibbling enough. Fodder such as hay provides an abrasive surface that keeps the teeth in check. For my Charlie, besides feeding him the right food, I have invested in a small untreated wood chunk that he can nibble on as he likes.


Lionheads won’t need regular vaccination unless they are in regular contact with other rabbits or aren’t living in clean environments. However, they will need vaccination against diseases such as myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease. Worming your bunny especially if she spends most of her time outdoors will also be necessary.


Your bunny must always live in a clean environment. Provide clean hay for the cage she lives in. ensure that the hay is always dry. A litter box also comes in handy to ensure that her cage and your apartment remain clean.

What You Should Know About Two Common Allergies

I love keeping my energy levels up during the day. Therefore keeping my carbs in check is an important part of my daily routine. Well, this came out of the blues but, I just happened to wonder about the foods I usually take to fuel my body’s need for energy. Besides fruits and vegetables which I take in plenty, I’m also a fan of corn and wheat products. Most people I know will consume something made from corn or wheat daily. However, while researching about how many carbs a slice of bread can provide for my body, I happened to come across information that caught my interest. Corn and yeast (used in most wheat products) can cause allergies. And shockingly, the number of people becoming allergic to these products is on the rise.

Rather than ignorantly decide to dump my favorite wheat and corn products, I wanted to know more so that I might not be at risk of being allergic to some of my favorite meals. Here’s what my research revealed.

Yeast allergy

Yeast is a form of fungus that can live in the human body without causing any harm. The reason for this is that the body is host to other microorganisms such as bacteria which maintain a balance preventing infection. However, there are instances where the yeast might overrun the bacteria. As a result, the body will try to eliminate the yeast in what is commonly known as an allergic reaction.

People become allergic to yeast through two ways. First, the yeast present in the body such as the candida albicans can be more than the body’s immune system can handle resulting in infection. The second way is through what we consume. Common foods and beverages that contain yeast include alcoholic beverages, bread, mushrooms, peanuts and, tomato sauce. In the latter cause of yeast allergies, the body treats the yeast introduced into the body as harmful. It then releases antibodies to get rid of the yeast.

Common symptoms include bloating, dizziness, fatigue, gastrointestinal discomfort, shortness of breath, itchiness, rashes and inflammation. Treatment methods include over the counter drugs and avoiding foods that contain yeast.

Corn allergy

Besides being a staple food for billions across the world, corn is included as an ingredient in many products we use today including syrup and cosmetics. An allergic reaction is triggered if a product that has corn is consumed or, applied topically.

Corn allergy symptoms can be mild or severe. These include itchiness in mouth, difficulty breathing, headache and dizziness, gastrointestinal distress, eczema and, swelling around the mouth. Anaphylaxis is a more severe allergic reaction which requires immediate medical help. The symptoms can appear within minutes for people with severe reaction or hours.

Treatments for corn allergies include over the counter drugs. There is no standard way of avoiding such reactions since even just coming into contact with corn might trigger a reaction. However, preventive measures can be applied to reduce risk. This includes avoiding foods and products that have corn as an ingredient.

Treating Sunburn At Home

I usually enjoy basking in the warm summer sun while at the beach. Each day, I come across hundreds of people lying on the beach enjoying the sun. Most are not just basking but tanning their skin which I’ve heard is one of the “natural ways” of getting great looking skin. I personally have nothing against tanning and confess it does make the skin look appealing. However, I have come across folks that have got more than a good tan on their skin.

The sun produces UV radiation which if exposed to the skin for a good amount of time can do more harm than good. Sunburn is one of the harmful effects of these UV rays. On the extreme, second degree sunburn is likely to occur if unprotected skin is exposed to the sun for long periods. It’s characterized by extreme pain and swelling around the affected area, formation of blisters, red appearance of skin and heating up of the skin. Severe cases might even require medical attention. I’ll focus on less severe cases of sunburn and effective home treatments.

Cool the affected area

Cooling helps alleviate pain caused by the second degree burn. It also helps to reduce damage which can spread to neighboring cells. An easy way to cool off is to place the affected area under running water. Filling a tub with cool water or applying a cold compress also works. Never apply ice on the affected area as it might cause further damage to the skins cells.


Skin affected by second degree burns is prone to dehydration. If blisters haven’t appeared yet, it’s advisable to apply moisturizer such as aloe vera cream. Aloe is especially great since it contains moisturizing and numerous nutrients which promote skin healing.


As mentioned, dehydration will occur after sunburn. Hydrating the body will enable it restore the lost fluids and promote healing. Drink plenty of water.

Apply raw potato mash

Potatoes are great pain relievers and, can help keep the skin hydrated. Peel and clean two or three potatoes and mash them into a pulp. Apply the pulp on the affected area until it dries out. The skin will absorb the potato starch providing almost instant relief to pain and itching.

Vinegar for sunburn

Vinegar is another effective way to treat sunburn at home. It’s especially effective for areas where blisters are forming. Its unique antiseptic properties help prevent infection of the blisters and promote healing. It also acts as a pain reliever. Simply apply vinegar to a cotton ball and lightly dab the affected area. Don’t rub on blisters as this might cause irritation. If a large part of the body is affected, pour in some vinegar in a tub of warm water and soak for at least 15 minutes. Air dry rather than towel dry. Using a towel can case irritation in the affected area.

Over the counter pain relievers

OTC drugs are also an effective way of treating sunburn. Anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen will help relieve pain while the skin heals.

Reasons for Persistent Taste in Mouth

Oftentimes, we experience some form of lingering taste in the mouth after we’ve eaten. But this taste fades away after brushing, taking water or just swallowing saliva. There are however instances where the specific taste is present even when you haven’t eaten anything. It can be due to an underlying problem. Millions of people across the United States suffer from metallic or sweet taste in the mouth. While this might seem normal, it can be a sign of an underlying serious health condition that needs to be addressed as soon as possible.

This short guide will help you understand some of the reasons that cause these two persistent tastes in the mouth.

There are many different causes associated with having a metal taste in mouth. They include the following.

Pregnant women will usually experience a metallic taste in the mouth especially during the first trimester. It is believed that hormonal changes within the body are the primary cause for this.

Certain medications are believed to cause a persistent metallic taste in the mouth. Some of the ingredients in the medications are believed to cause this and patients will experience this taste as long as they are on the medication. Common culprits include medicines for the treatment of diabetes, arthritis, heartburn, cancer and, heart conditions among others.

Problems of the oral and sinus cavities can also lead to metallic taste in patients. Oral infections such as plaque, gingivitis and tooth decay can cause a metallic taste in the mouth. Sinus infections that cause dry mouth can also result in a metallic taste in patients.

Diseases can also cause metallic taste in the mouth. In most cases, the metallic taste is simply a symptom of the underlying disease. Such diseases include diabetes, zinc deficiency, cancer, renal failure and hyperparathyroidism. Diseases affecting the nervous system can also alter your sense of taste or smell. Inflammation or autoimmune diseases affecting nerves associated to taste and smell can result in the patient having a metallic taste in the mouth sensation.

In some instances, the metallic taste in the mouth is associated with excess metals in the bloodstream. The body needs certain metals for its normal functioning. However, there are instances where there’s metal overload and the patient experiences this as a dry mouth with metallic taste.

Sweet taste in the mouth is also caused by a couple of factors and they include the following.

An underlying health condition can cause the sweet sensation in the mouth. One of the diseases where this condition is experienced as a symptom is diabetes. However, the reason why this happens is yet to be clear.

Health conditions associated with the nervous system are also known to cause a sweet taste in the mouth. The sweet taste is believed to be indicative of a more serious nervous condition such as epilepsy, stroke or seizure. Besides this, a viral or bacterial attack on the olfactory nerve can also result in a sweet sensation in the mouth.

For both cases, there are instances where the metallic or sweet taste is unexplainable. It’s advisable to get immediate medical help as these tastes could probably be warning signs of a serious underlying health condition.

Is Pain Or Numbness In Either Arm A Sign Of A Serious Health Condition?

Last week, I had to visit my doctor for consultation about a constant pain on my right forearm. I figured it would go away within days since I had been doing some DIY at home which mainly involved hammering in some nails. After the pain failed to subside after a couple of days (I was taking pain relievers but the pain recurred after the drugs potency dropped), I had to see the doc. After answering a couple of questions, my doctor said it was nothing serious and time would see me have a pain free arm. “You’re lucky it’s nothing serious. People come in here with more serious conditions and I’m usually forced to recommend extensive treatment.” He stated.

Since he had more patients to attend to, I left him to his work. “What are these serious conditions?” I wondered. I usually believed that pain or numbness in a particular arm was linked to overworking that arm or injury. What I found out was more eye opening. Arm pain and numbness can be a symptom of an underlying health condition. In some instances, the condition can be life threatening.

Thoracic outlet syndrome

This is a health condition that can cause pain in either the right arm or left arm. This condition occurs when there’s compression in the area between the first rib and the collar bone. The compression can occur in either or both sides of the body. This compression applies pressure on a network of veins referred to as the brachial plexus or the subclavian vein and artery. The result is numbness and pain in the arm, shoulder and neck in the affected side of the body. Some of the conditions causing thoracic outlet syndrome include injury, bone abnormalities or trauma.

Ulnar nerve entrapment

Ulnar nerve entrapment also referred to as cubital tunnel syndrome is another condition that can cause numbness and pain in right arm. The ulnar nerve transmits signals between the hands and the brain. This condition occurs when there is a lot of pressure on the nerve at the elbow. If the pressure is applied long enough, numbness and even pain in the forearm, hand and fingers is felt. Releasing pressure usually reverses the condition.


This is another condition that can cause pain in the right arm and, affects the nervous system. It results from the formation of a fluid filled cyst within the spinal cord. As the cyst grows, it applied pressure and gradual damage to the spinal cord. Symptoms of this condition include pain, numbness and general weakness in the shoulders, neck and arms. If left untreated, this condition can be life threatening.

Cervical disc herniation

Cervical disc herniation is one of the common causes of numbness in left arm. The condition results when a weak point along the fibrous outer layer surrounding a spinal disc ruptures. The pieces of the ruptured fibrous layer then find their way into the spinal column applying pressure on the delicate nerve endings. Besides numbness, pain, muscle weakness and, muscle spasms are associated symptoms.

Two Skin Conditions That Usually Affect the Scalp

Last year, I was invited by a former college mate to visit him in one of the islands in the Caribbean. We had found each other online and I couldn’t resist the offer. I had always wanted to visit the Caribbean and without having to pay for accommodation, it was an offer not to pass by. After arriving and catching up, it was time to hit the waters. While enjoying the water, I noticed a patch at the back of his head with several tufts of hair protruding. I didn’t want to pry but he noticed my gaze and probably read what I was thinking. “Tufted folliculitis. Doctors apparently don’t know what causes it so I’m stuck with this patch until the do so.” He said casually. I left the matter at that and enjoyed my vacation.

Back home, I saw another person with a similar condition and remembered my buddy. “Well, if doctors can’t treat the condition, I might as well find out more about it.” I thought to myself. During my research, I came across two conditions that will likely affect the scalp.

Scalp folliculitis

Folliculitis is a condition that results when the one or more hair follicles gets infected and inflamed. It can affect any part of the skin where hair grows. Palms and soles of the feet are therefore not affected. They usually appear as a small red swollen dot with a white center. Itching due to inflammation is one of the common symptoms of the condition.

The main causes of this condition include viruses, bacteria and fungi. The folliculitis resulting from these antibodies is usually infectious. There are non infectious forms of this conditions such as that affecting my friend. Mites can also cause the condition.

Scabs on scalp

Scabs are usually associated with broken skin. They form naturally as the body’s way of keeping a wound sealed off from bacteria and allow for healing. They can form on any part of the skin. However, if they appear on the scalp, this can be a symptom of an underlying health condition. Some of the health conditions that can cause scabs on the scalp include the following.

Psoriasis is a skin condition that results from the body’s defense mechanism suddenly attacking skin cells. The cells find their way forming itchy and dry skin which might crack and bleed. Scratching to relieve the itching can create open wounds which in turn result in scabs.

Shingles can also cause scabs on the scalp. The condition is caused by a virus that is found in the body. This is the same virus that causes chicken pox. The virus affects the skin and its main symptom is the appearance or itch rashes and blisters. The condition will usually disappear after a few days. The open blisters that result from scratching will eventually dry out resulting in scabs.

Eczema is another health condition known to cause scabs on the scalp. Its symptoms include thickening of the skin and intense irritation. Scratching to relieve the irritation can result in open wounds which scab after the eczema is treated.

Guide to Getting Over Someone

We all want love and to give it in return. Being social creatures, we want to hang around people and eventually find that person we’ll spend the rest of our life with. Unfortunately, life isn’t a fairytale where the prince and princess live happily ever after. Many people head into a romantic relationship hoping that it will last forever. They believe they have finally found “the one” and, their search is over. At least that’s what I did three years ago. Unfortunately for me, i ended up heartbroken three months after meeting my ex. It was devastating for me. Luckily, I did recover and years later, I’m in a fulfilling relationship.

Many people have had their share of similar stories. Unfortunately, the majority don’t have a clue about how to get over someone. That’s why I’ve prepared this short guide to help out.

The first thing to do is get a grip of your emotions and let them go positively. A breakup is always emotional especially you are the one being dumped. Most people will go the easy way and use their emotions as an excuse to do some damage. The problem with this is that you’ll end up with low self esteem and self respect once you’re drained. Think of something positive you’d want to do and this should be something that’ll provide some relief. Heading to the pub or having a fling will only degrade your self worth. Positive things can be as simple as crying or as intense as heading to the gym.

The next thing to do is cut off all contact with your ex. Admit that the person isn’t there anymore but remember that, there are countless people that still care for you. Cutting off contact also alerts your ex that you need your privacy and they should respect that.

Third, make time for your loved ones. You probably spent most of your time with your ex. Now, use this time with friends and family. They want the best for you. However, make it clear that the time you spend together is meant for catching up and not discussing your ended relationship.


The fourth thing to do is make time for yourself. Do things you would have loved to do if you were single. This helps you regain your confidence and also distract you from thoughts of your ex. Remember that loving yourself first is key to making others love you. It’s time to spoil yourself. If you had a controlling boyfriend that dictated what to wear, make an overhaul and dress your part.

Fifth, get rid of any reminders that hand around. Don’t ask your ex to get their stuff. Simply get rid of the stuff and move on.

The sixth step to do is to stop regretting and analyzing the past relationship. Majority of people will drain their energy thinking about the breakup rather than focusing on the present and future. Admit that the relationship wasn’t meant to be and move on.

Finally, enjoy your new found freedom. Don’t be tempted to enter into a new romantic relationship immediately. Stay single for a while and the right partner will find you in time.