Windsurfing Basics

Windsurfing is quite a popular sport especially in the summer. It can give you a different kind of thrill which you may not experience in other sports. And contrary to what many people may think, it is not very difficult to learn it as long as you know the basics:

Getting started

As soon as you are ready with your gears, check the wind direction first before starting to sail. If you are a beginner, don’t ever sail with an off-shore wind because what you may think of as a gentle wind while on the shore will be twice when you are in the open sea or lake. If the wind is cross-shore, on-shore or somewhere in between, it is safer to attach the board and sail together. For beginners, the ideal wind strength is between forces 2 and 3 on the Beaufort scale. Additionally, check out the tides before setting off.

Stance

Your position while on the board is vital for speed and stability. Hold your head up while looking to the direction you are going. Your arms should be slightly bent shoulder width apart and parallel to the boom. Keep a straight back with bottom tucked in. Your legs should be shoulder width apart as you keep your front leg straight while the back leg slightly bent for control.

Steering

In windsurfing, being able to balance the forces is important and this is done by steering. When steering, it is important to take into consideration the center of lateral resistance (CLR) which is the imaginary vertical line from the daggerboard going straight up. When the force of the rig is balanced over CLR, you can expect to travel in a straight line. When you move the rig backwards, it means turning the front upwind. However, when you lean the rig forward, you will be turning the board into a different direction away from the wind.

Running

Running is when you sail with the wind coming from behind you while the sail is positioned at a right angle to the board. This technique is very unstable and requires you to have a good sense of balance. The daggerboard can help you achieve stability but be cautious of the increasing wind as it can tip up your board. When that happens, you should retract your daggerboard.

Tacking

Tacking means that you have to sail as close to the wind a possible and then make a sudden turn and go to the opposite direction while still staying close to the wind. To turn the front of your board through the wind and into the no-go zone, return first to the secure position while leaning the rig to the back of the board. Doing so will let you turn your board directly to the wind. Once you are through the wind, shuffle the mastfoot as you keep your feet closer to the center line. After doing that maneuver, you will now be positioned on the other side of the board. You could then transfer your hands to the boom and start sailing off. As you master this technique, you will be able to do tacking while keeping the board moving instead of going back to secure position.

Gybing

Gybing is a technique involving changing course while sailing downwind. This can be done by leaning the rig forward into the front of the board while keeping the sail filled and steering your board in the opposite direction of the wind.

Practice is very important in order to master some of the most basic techniques in windsurfing. With regular practice, these techniques will become second nature. As a beginner, you can greatly learn by observing and talking with other windsurfers.

The Sport of Kitesurfing

Come summer time and many people get to enjoy a wide range of water sports and activities. One particular sport that you may want to try is kitesurfing. This kind of watersport harnesses wind power through a large kite to propel you across the water while riding a small kiteboard or surfboard. It is a unique kind of sport that can give you a different kind of adventure.

Overview

Kitesurfing is a considerably new sport that is influenced by a wide range of other sports, particularly powerkiting, wakeboarding, surfing, windsurfing, snowboarding and paragliding. If you have tried any of these sports, kitesurfing may be a lot easier for you to try. However, even if you are just a beginner in any of these sports, you may still find kitesurfing an easy sport to learn.

Although the name of this sport includes surfing, in reality, it does not need waves as long as there is wind. In fact, most kite surfers especially beginners prefer flat water locations for freestyle riding because the ride is smooth and they allow for easy take-off and landing. But you may also try a wide range of other conditions such as surfing in big waves if you like more adventure.

Kites Used

To produce the right amount of pull from the wind, a kite with inflatable tubes is needed for this sport. The inflatable parts keep the kite in shape while allowing it to float and re-launch from the water. Kites come in various sizes depending on the size of the rider and the strength of the wind. It is anything between 2 and 14 square meters.

Since 2006, there have been numerous changes in the kites used for kitesurfing. Prior to 2006, there was only the C-kite which got its name from its curved “C” shape. After that, bow style and SLE (supported leading edge) kites started to be introduced in the market. Bow kites are noted for their flatter shape that is similar to an archer’s bow. The SLE kite, on the other hand, is unique for its bridle lines which are attached to its inflatable leading edge to support its shape. Both types of kites have swept back wingtips which give the kite a strong depower, allowing for easier re-launching from the water. This kind of feature also provides a great improvement in the ease of use and safety of the kite.

Since the introduction of the bow and SLE kites, there have been many improvements added to the original C-kite design. There are now hybrid kites in the market that incorporate some of the best features of these two types of kites.

Boards Used

There is also a wide range of boards used for kitesurfing but they are all predominantly symmetrical or have twin tips. However, some riders also use directional boards when riding with waves. Boards with larger surface areas require less power to get them up to the water and to keep them afloat even with light wind to power the kite. These kinds of boards are commonly used by beginners because of their ease of use and safety factor. More advanced riders, on the other hand, usually choose smaller boards. Although tiny boards used to be popular, they are no longer used because of the styles and tricks that are possible with the newer kites as well as their large depower capability. Generally, boards used are between 125 and 150 centimeters in length and between 38 and 45 centimeters in width.

Safety

Kitesurfing is generally a safe sport as long as you observe certain safety precautions. Most basic of which is to avoid kite surfing in crowded areas or near any obstructions such as rocks or boats. To be safe, keep a minimum distance of at least 100 meters from any type of obstruction.

Kitesurfing is an exciting sport that is worth trying. However, before you do, be sure to learn more about this sport for a better and safer experience.

What Is There To Know About Relationship Anxiety?

Picture this. A woman in her late 20s has been dating this guy for three years. The relationship has been going well and she expects that he’ll pop the question soon. He showers her with gifts and swears that she’s the one. The guy always ensures to call her in the evenings before going to bed. Then one night, he doesn’t call. After waiting for a couple of hours, she decides to take the initiative and call the guy. He picks up the phone and talks casually as if nothing is wrong.

The lady is hurt but doesn’t want to show this on the phone. She simply says goodnight and hangs up. Heartbroken, this is the first time she analyzes the relationship realistically. “Am I dating the right guy?” is the thought that crosses her mind. This question keeps her up all night. She’s suffering from a bout of relationship anxiety.

What’s anxiety in relationships?

This form of anxiety is found between two people who are in a relationship. In most cases, this will be a romantic relationship. There are a number of causes for anxiety in relationships and they include the following.

First, there can be lack of trust between the couple. Trust is one of the foundations of a strong and healthy relationship. A single incident can cause lack of trust. Remember that trust lost is hard to recover. Instances such as infidelity and discovered lies can make a spouse lose trust and become anxious any time a situation where trust is required arises.

Another cause for anxiety in relationships is doubt over the future of the relationship. As in the case of our woman, she suddenly becomes anxious about the future of the relationship. She’s in her late 20s and is probably ready to settle down with her partner. However, a single night when her partner misses to call her casts doubt about where the relationship is headed.

The third cause for anxiety in relationships is stress. Relationships can be hard to manage especially with the kids and work. Demands from your partner despite your other responsibilities can be a source of stress especially if these demands aren’t met.

The fourth cause of this form of anxiety is negativity towards the partner. Some once healthy relationships can turn ugly if one partner starts being negative. Once sweet compliments can turn to harsh statements usually aimed at hurting the partners feelings. In such instances, the receiving partner will usually be anxious about when the negativity will end. In some instances, they might become defensive and also become negative towards their spouse.

Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms associated with anxiety in relationships include insomnia, shaking, depression and fatigue and, muscle tension.

Treatment

Although supplements for anxiety can be used to control some of the symptoms, the best treatment method focuses on you and the relationship. As a part of the relationship, you need to focus one of two things. First, is the relationship that meaningful that you’d want to save it? Second, consider whether changing your attitude can be the best way to control the anxiety. In many instances being positive and changing your attitude can prompt a similar response in your partner and save the relationship.

A Look into Bronchitis and Pneumonia

We have all suffered a cold or flu at one time in our life. These conditions are quite normal and they will usually go away after some time or, require medications. While these conditions of the respiratory tract aren’t life threatening, they might leave the body vulnerable to other infections which if severe enough, can be life threatening. These conditions are bronchitis and pneumonia.

I have had a bout with acute bronchitis during my early twenties. Although not considered a “serious” condition, the constant coughing wasn’t fun at all. Anything including cold and smoke seemed to trigger my cough and, these seemed to be everywhere I went. Back to my topic. I’m going to differentiate between these two conditions of the respiratory system due to the fact that most people can’t easily do so.

Bronchitis vs pneumonia

Areas affected

Bronchitis as the name suggests affects the bronchi. These are the tubes that pass air between the trachea and the lungs. A viral or bacterial attach on the bronchi can cause inflammation which is further aggravated by irritants such as smoke and cold.

Pneumonia on the other hand affects lung tissue. As such, bacterial, viral, fungal attacks on the lung tissue can cause infection and accumulation of fluid in the alveoli.

Types

There are two main types of bronchitis; acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis lasts for about a week and it will usually disappear by itself. Chronic bronchitis on the other hand is characterized by a persistent cough that lasts over 3 months.

There are several types of pneumonia and, the type is usually described according to its cause. Some of the examples include chemical pneumonia, viral pneumonia, community acquired pneumonia and bacteria pneumonia.

Symptoms

A common symptom for both conditions is a cough which is initially dry but is then accompanied by clear or colored sputum as the condition advances.

Other symptoms of bronchitis include blood stained sputum after small blood vessels in bronchi rupture during coughing, wheezing, fever and fatigue.

Other symptoms of pneumonia include fever, difficulty breathing, chest pain when taking deep breaths, vomiting and, muscle pain. In severe cases, change in skin color can result due to low oxygen supply in the body.

Diagnosis

A doctor will usually carry out diagnostic tests to ascertain whether the condition affecting the respiratory tract is bronchitis or pneumonia. Investigation of the sputum produced will confirm whether the condition is caused by bacteria or virus. An x-ray of the lungs is taken to check the level of damage to the lungs or bronchi. The x-ray will usually confirm whether you have bronchitis or pneumonia.

Treatment

The treatment method will usually be determined on the causative agent. For bacterial caused bronchitis, antibacterials can be administered. Acute bronchitis caused by a viral infection will usually go away on its own. Severe bronchitis is however harder to treat and, your doctor will advise on the treatment regime they find best suited for your condition. Home based bronchitis remedies have also been found to be effective in keeping the condition under control. These include garlic, ginger, turmeric and basil.

Pneumonia is also treated depending on severity and the causative agent. Antibiotics and antivirals are usually administered to control the infection.

What Should You Feed Your Dog?

I love frequenting forums dedicated to pet owners especially dogs. My main goal is to find out what pet owners recommend for food, grooming and general maintenance for their dogs. I also give advice where I have the right information. Of late, many pet owners frequenting these forums have been concerned about what they should feed their dogs. A common question they have is whether dogs can eat some human food and the specific hypoallergenic food they can feed their pets.

Well, I did have the same questions but seeing that the forums didn’t have any comprehensive answers, I did some research. I’ll discuss two points in particular. The first is on dogs eating bananas and the second covers hypoallergenic foods.

Can dogs eat bananas?

This is one question many dog owners ask. The answer is yes. But sparingly. Bananas are one of the fruits that are loaded with tons of nutrients. Not only are they good for humans, they are also great for dogs. If you have a highly energetic pet, bananas will provide loads of carbs for his energy needs. Other beneficial nutrients bananas will provide include potassium, vitamins and minerals.

If you wish to feed your dog with bananas, don’t give it whole. Cut the banana into small pieces and mix it with another meal such as dog food. One thing to remember though is that a dog’s digestive system is not as complex as that of humans. They aren’t designed for digesting chunks of fruit and, feeding your dog too many bananas might result in diarrhea or even potassium overload. So feed your pet bananas in small servings.

Hypoallergenic dog food

Like humans, dogs are prone to allergies. Allergic attacks are triggered by different factors including food. An allergy is simply described as the body’s way of trying to get rid of anything it feels might harm it. Whatever the body is trying to get rid of doesn’t necessarily have to be harmful.

Studies show that there are a number of foods that are likely to trigger allergies in dogs. These include beef, corn, wheat, lamb and other foods commonly fed to canines. However, this doesn’t mean that every dog will be allergic to these foods. Each dog is unique and if a specific type of food triggers an allergy in one dog, it doesn’t mean that it will trigger the same allergy in another. Some of the common symptoms associated with dog allergies include itching, gastrointestinal distress, depression or hyperactivity and, excessively oily skin.

Today, there is a wide variety of hypoallergenic food for dogs. Many pet owners favor this food but blindly. Before buying any form of hypoallergenic food, its best to know which types of food trigger allergies in the pet in the first place. For instance, your dog might be allergic to beef or corn. Before buying any hypoallergenic food, it’s advisable to first study your pet. If you can identify a specific food that triggers an allergic attack, you can eliminate it from your pet’s diet. This way, you might not need to buy hypoallergenic pet food.

Insight into the Two Types of Bunions

I first came across bunions about a year ago when I had to visit to my podiatrist after spraining my head. As with most medical practitioner’s offices, he had charts detailing different foot conditions. One chart was detailing bunions which were a new condition to me then. I had come across people with bunions before but, thought they were common foot conditions. The charts were eye openers and, I decided to learn more about the condition. Here’s what I found.

Types of bunions

There are two main types of bunions. The bunion affects the big toe such that it points towards the other toes. The second type is the bunionette also known as the tailors bunion. This affects the little toe. Similarly, its main symptom is the small toe pointing towards the others.

What causes bunions?

Medical practitioners have proposed different causes of bunions. The most agreed upon proposition is that they are formed as a result of wearing ill fitting shoes. Such shoes have a tight toe box and have high heels. This is especially agreed upon in the case of big toe bunions.

Another proposition is that bunions are caused by hereditary foot conditions. This theory proposes that people coming from families with a history of bunions are more likely to develop them. However, this doesn’t mean that everyone with such a family history will develop them. Some of the hereditary foot conditions include flat foot.

Another cause for bunions is arthritis. Arthritis affects bone joints causing inflammation and tenderness in the ligaments. This increases chances of developing bunions if the patient wears tight fitting shoes. The different types of arthritis include gout, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Interestingly, bunions can also lead to arthritis in the affected toes.

Bunions can also be caused by conditions affecting the neuromuscular system such as cerebral palsy and conditions affecting bone ligaments such as Marfans Syndrome.

Although the above named conditions can cause bunions, likelihood that these conditions will lead to bunions is increased by wearing ill fitting shoes.

How are bunions prevented?

The main preventive measure for bunions is wearing proper fitting shoes. Studies on this condition show that people that wear tight fitting shoes are the most vulnerable.

How are bunions treated?

Bunions can be painful due to the inflammation of the toe-metatarsal joint. Pain relief remedies are usually administered to reduce inflammation. Such remedies include pain killers and application of ice packs.

Bunion pads are placed on the bunion before wearing shoes. These protect the bunion from being further aggravated by rubbing against the shoe walls. The pads are made from either fleece or gel.

Other bunion treatment devices are orthotics. These are placed within the shoe. Their main purpose is to balance out the body’s weight on the foot. This way, pressure isn’t directed towards the front of the shoe and toes.

Wearing shoes with low heels and wide toe box is also considered a good treatment method. This prevents worsening of the bunion allowing the affected joint and ligaments to heal.

If all treatment methods fail, surgery is considered the last resort. Some of the factors determining whether surgery is necessary to correct a bunion include age, severity of the bunion and, general health.

Kidney Stone Symptoms and Easy Home Remedies

Kidney stones are a condition that affects millions of Americans annually. Majority of the patients usually don’t even know they have kidney stones. It’s only those who have large stones within their kidney and urinary tract that actually experience symptoms which at times can be extremely painful.

I came across kidney stones while researching on some of the conditions that can cause lower left back pain. Being one of the causes, I decided to delve in deeper and find the causes of kidney stones, what do kidney stones feel like and any home remedies available. Here is a short guide into the symptoms and home remedies available.

Symptoms

As I mentioned earlier, kidney stone symptoms are usually felt when the stone grows large enough. A common symptom is a sharp pain in your lower back area. The pain then spreads to the abdominal and groin area. This pain comes as a result of a kidney stone trapped within the kidney, urerta, or bladder and is pushing against the organs walls. This pain usually comes in waves and is usually experienced when the kidneys are trying to pass urine to the bladder via the urerta.

Another common symptom of kidney stones passing of colored urine. The urine is usually brown, reddish or pinkish. Passing of colored urine is an indication that there might be bleeding within the urinary tract. This occurs as the kidney stone tries to pass through the urerta or bladder scratching it.

The urine might also turn cloudy and have a foul smell. This is an indication that there is an infection within the urinary tract. If the stone does scratch the walls of the urerta and bladder the open wounds will probably secrete pus which results in the foul smelling and cloudy urine.

If the infection goes unchecked, the patient might experience fever and chills. This can also be accompanied by fever and vomiting. Medical consultation and treatment will be needed in such instances.

Another symptom linked to kidney stones is a persistent urge to urinate and frequent urination. This occurs if the kidney stone has blocked the urinary tract and the body is trying to remove it.

Home remedies for kidney stones

Treating kidney stones at home usually revolves around your diet. The first step in kidney stone treatment is making sure that your body is adequately hydrated. Kidney stones develop where there is high concentration of minerals and waste in the urine. Hydration ensures that urine contains enough water to dissolve the stone.

A change in diet is also recommended if you are treating kidney stones. Foods rich in minerals, fats and protein are to be avoided. Common minerals to avoid include sodium, calcium and oxalate.

There are also foods believed to help prevent the development of kidney stones as well as eliminate the stones from urine. These mostly work by neutralizing the minerals suspected to form stones, induce urine removal and also work as tonics for the kidneys. Examples of such foods include kidney beans, celery, water melon, lemon juice and basil.

Taking Care of Lionhead Bunnies

A growing number of pet lovers are turning to bunnies as their preferred choice. I’m actually considering giving one to my niece as a gift for her upcoming birthday. In particular, she has asked for a lionhead bunny and from what I now, this creature makes a great pet. However, I wouldn’t like my sister complaining about a rogue pet. We once owned a cat that was too much to handle when we were young. I therefore took the liberty of looking into how to take care of lionhead bunnies. The following guide outlines the basics of taking care of a lionhead bunny.

Bonding

One of the most important to remember bunny facts is that it will be dependent on you for at least 7 to 9 years. This makes it necessary to bond at the early stages of your relationship. Bunnies are usually well mannered but can go rogue if they don’t know what you expect of them. Bonding at the initial stages ensures that the lionhead knows that besides being its friend, you’re its protector and provider. In return, you’ll get tons of love and obedience.

Some of the things I did to bond with Charlie were to get him out in the yard and keep a watchful eye as he played around. Regular feeding and cuddling also did the trick. I also provided a litter box for him at his favorite spot in the apartment. This way, I need not fear finding poop all over the carpet when I get home from work.

Feeding

Lionheads are strictly herbivores. Hay and grass are their favorites. You can also include fruits and leafy vegetables in their diet. Although processed rabbit food can provide the vitamins and minerals needed, it’s advisable not to feed them on these strictly. They will always need some fresh organic food to supplement their diet. Besides, their digestive systems are designed to deal with fresh food. Avoid diets that are rich in protein and fats. Such diets can lead to obesity in the bunny.

Clean water makes and essential part of a lionhead bunny’s diet. Bunnies are easily dehydrated and need a constant supply of water.

Dental care

The bunny’s teeth are constantly growing. In the wild, overgrown teeth are unheard of. However, in pet bunnies, its easy to find a lionhead with overgrown enamel spurs. The reason for this is that the bunny isn’t nibbling enough. Fodder such as hay provides an abrasive surface that keeps the teeth in check. For my Charlie, besides feeding him the right food, I have invested in a small untreated wood chunk that he can nibble on as he likes.

Vaccination

Lionheads won’t need regular vaccination unless they are in regular contact with other rabbits or aren’t living in clean environments. However, they will need vaccination against diseases such as myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease. Worming your bunny especially if she spends most of her time outdoors will also be necessary.

Hygiene

Your bunny must always live in a clean environment. Provide clean hay for the cage she lives in. ensure that the hay is always dry. A litter box also comes in handy to ensure that her cage and your apartment remain clean.

What You Should Know About Two Common Allergies

I love keeping my energy levels up during the day. Therefore keeping my carbs in check is an important part of my daily routine. Well, this came out of the blues but, I just happened to wonder about the foods I usually take to fuel my body’s need for energy. Besides fruits and vegetables which I take in plenty, I’m also a fan of corn and wheat products. Most people I know will consume something made from corn or wheat daily. However, while researching about how many carbs a slice of bread can provide for my body, I happened to come across information that caught my interest. Corn and yeast (used in most wheat products) can cause allergies. And shockingly, the number of people becoming allergic to these products is on the rise.

Rather than ignorantly decide to dump my favorite wheat and corn products, I wanted to know more so that I might not be at risk of being allergic to some of my favorite meals. Here’s what my research revealed.

Yeast allergy

Yeast is a form of fungus that can live in the human body without causing any harm. The reason for this is that the body is host to other microorganisms such as bacteria which maintain a balance preventing infection. However, there are instances where the yeast might overrun the bacteria. As a result, the body will try to eliminate the yeast in what is commonly known as an allergic reaction.

People become allergic to yeast through two ways. First, the yeast present in the body such as the candida albicans can be more than the body’s immune system can handle resulting in infection. The second way is through what we consume. Common foods and beverages that contain yeast include alcoholic beverages, bread, mushrooms, peanuts and, tomato sauce. In the latter cause of yeast allergies, the body treats the yeast introduced into the body as harmful. It then releases antibodies to get rid of the yeast.

Common symptoms include bloating, dizziness, fatigue, gastrointestinal discomfort, shortness of breath, itchiness, rashes and inflammation. Treatment methods include over the counter drugs and avoiding foods that contain yeast.

Corn allergy

Besides being a staple food for billions across the world, corn is included as an ingredient in many products we use today including syrup and cosmetics. An allergic reaction is triggered if a product that has corn is consumed or, applied topically.

Corn allergy symptoms can be mild or severe. These include itchiness in mouth, difficulty breathing, headache and dizziness, gastrointestinal distress, eczema and, swelling around the mouth. Anaphylaxis is a more severe allergic reaction which requires immediate medical help. The symptoms can appear within minutes for people with severe reaction or hours.

Treatments for corn allergies include over the counter drugs. There is no standard way of avoiding such reactions since even just coming into contact with corn might trigger a reaction. However, preventive measures can be applied to reduce risk. This includes avoiding foods and products that have corn as an ingredient.

Treating Sunburn At Home

I usually enjoy basking in the warm summer sun while at the beach. Each day, I come across hundreds of people lying on the beach enjoying the sun. Most are not just basking but tanning their skin which I’ve heard is one of the “natural ways” of getting great looking skin. I personally have nothing against tanning and confess it does make the skin look appealing. However, I have come across folks that have got more than a good tan on their skin.

The sun produces UV radiation which if exposed to the skin for a good amount of time can do more harm than good. Sunburn is one of the harmful effects of these UV rays. On the extreme, second degree sunburn is likely to occur if unprotected skin is exposed to the sun for long periods. It’s characterized by extreme pain and swelling around the affected area, formation of blisters, red appearance of skin and heating up of the skin. Severe cases might even require medical attention. I’ll focus on less severe cases of sunburn and effective home treatments.

Cool the affected area

Cooling helps alleviate pain caused by the second degree burn. It also helps to reduce damage which can spread to neighboring cells. An easy way to cool off is to place the affected area under running water. Filling a tub with cool water or applying a cold compress also works. Never apply ice on the affected area as it might cause further damage to the skins cells.

Moisturize

Skin affected by second degree burns is prone to dehydration. If blisters haven’t appeared yet, it’s advisable to apply moisturizer such as aloe vera cream. Aloe is especially great since it contains moisturizing and numerous nutrients which promote skin healing.

Hydrate

As mentioned, dehydration will occur after sunburn. Hydrating the body will enable it restore the lost fluids and promote healing. Drink plenty of water.

Apply raw potato mash

Potatoes are great pain relievers and, can help keep the skin hydrated. Peel and clean two or three potatoes and mash them into a pulp. Apply the pulp on the affected area until it dries out. The skin will absorb the potato starch providing almost instant relief to pain and itching.

Vinegar for sunburn

Vinegar is another effective way to treat sunburn at home. It’s especially effective for areas where blisters are forming. Its unique antiseptic properties help prevent infection of the blisters and promote healing. It also acts as a pain reliever. Simply apply vinegar to a cotton ball and lightly dab the affected area. Don’t rub on blisters as this might cause irritation. If a large part of the body is affected, pour in some vinegar in a tub of warm water and soak for at least 15 minutes. Air dry rather than towel dry. Using a towel can case irritation in the affected area.

Over the counter pain relievers

OTC drugs are also an effective way of treating sunburn. Anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen will help relieve pain while the skin heals.

Reasons for Persistent Taste in Mouth

Oftentimes, we experience some form of lingering taste in the mouth after we’ve eaten. But this taste fades away after brushing, taking water or just swallowing saliva. There are however instances where the specific taste is present even when you haven’t eaten anything. It can be due to an underlying problem. Millions of people across the United States suffer from metallic or sweet taste in the mouth. While this might seem normal, it can be a sign of an underlying serious health condition that needs to be addressed as soon as possible.

This short guide will help you understand some of the reasons that cause these two persistent tastes in the mouth.

There are many different causes associated with having a metal taste in mouth. They include the following.

Pregnant women will usually experience a metallic taste in the mouth especially during the first trimester. It is believed that hormonal changes within the body are the primary cause for this.

Certain medications are believed to cause a persistent metallic taste in the mouth. Some of the ingredients in the medications are believed to cause this and patients will experience this taste as long as they are on the medication. Common culprits include medicines for the treatment of diabetes, arthritis, heartburn, cancer and, heart conditions among others.

Problems of the oral and sinus cavities can also lead to metallic taste in patients. Oral infections such as plaque, gingivitis and tooth decay can cause a metallic taste in the mouth. Sinus infections that cause dry mouth can also result in a metallic taste in patients.

Diseases can also cause metallic taste in the mouth. In most cases, the metallic taste is simply a symptom of the underlying disease. Such diseases include diabetes, zinc deficiency, cancer, renal failure and hyperparathyroidism. Diseases affecting the nervous system can also alter your sense of taste or smell. Inflammation or autoimmune diseases affecting nerves associated to taste and smell can result in the patient having a metallic taste in the mouth sensation.

In some instances, the metallic taste in the mouth is associated with excess metals in the bloodstream. The body needs certain metals for its normal functioning. However, there are instances where there’s metal overload and the patient experiences this as a dry mouth with metallic taste.

Sweet taste in the mouth is also caused by a couple of factors and they include the following.

An underlying health condition can cause the sweet sensation in the mouth. One of the diseases where this condition is experienced as a symptom is diabetes. However, the reason why this happens is yet to be clear.

Health conditions associated with the nervous system are also known to cause a sweet taste in the mouth. The sweet taste is believed to be indicative of a more serious nervous condition such as epilepsy, stroke or seizure. Besides this, a viral or bacterial attack on the olfactory nerve can also result in a sweet sensation in the mouth.

For both cases, there are instances where the metallic or sweet taste is unexplainable. It’s advisable to get immediate medical help as these tastes could probably be warning signs of a serious underlying health condition.

Is Pain Or Numbness In Either Arm A Sign Of A Serious Health Condition?

Last week, I had to visit my doctor for consultation about a constant pain on my right forearm. I figured it would go away within days since I had been doing some DIY at home which mainly involved hammering in some nails. After the pain failed to subside after a couple of days (I was taking pain relievers but the pain recurred after the drugs potency dropped), I had to see the doc. After answering a couple of questions, my doctor said it was nothing serious and time would see me have a pain free arm. “You’re lucky it’s nothing serious. People come in here with more serious conditions and I’m usually forced to recommend extensive treatment.” He stated.

Since he had more patients to attend to, I left him to his work. “What are these serious conditions?” I wondered. I usually believed that pain or numbness in a particular arm was linked to overworking that arm or injury. What I found out was more eye opening. Arm pain and numbness can be a symptom of an underlying health condition. In some instances, the condition can be life threatening.

Thoracic outlet syndrome

This is a health condition that can cause pain in either the right arm or left arm. This condition occurs when there’s compression in the area between the first rib and the collar bone. The compression can occur in either or both sides of the body. This compression applies pressure on a network of veins referred to as the brachial plexus or the subclavian vein and artery. The result is numbness and pain in the arm, shoulder and neck in the affected side of the body. Some of the conditions causing thoracic outlet syndrome include injury, bone abnormalities or trauma.

Ulnar nerve entrapment

Ulnar nerve entrapment also referred to as cubital tunnel syndrome is another condition that can cause numbness and pain in right arm. The ulnar nerve transmits signals between the hands and the brain. This condition occurs when there is a lot of pressure on the nerve at the elbow. If the pressure is applied long enough, numbness and even pain in the forearm, hand and fingers is felt. Releasing pressure usually reverses the condition.

Syringomyelia

This is another condition that can cause pain in the right arm and, affects the nervous system. It results from the formation of a fluid filled cyst within the spinal cord. As the cyst grows, it applied pressure and gradual damage to the spinal cord. Symptoms of this condition include pain, numbness and general weakness in the shoulders, neck and arms. If left untreated, this condition can be life threatening.

Cervical disc herniation

Cervical disc herniation is one of the common causes of numbness in left arm. The condition results when a weak point along the fibrous outer layer surrounding a spinal disc ruptures. The pieces of the ruptured fibrous layer then find their way into the spinal column applying pressure on the delicate nerve endings. Besides numbness, pain, muscle weakness and, muscle spasms are associated symptoms.